Langues africaines et terminologie: productivité des dénominations forgées en bamanankan et en agni sanwi
African languages suffer from the problem of the lack of names for scientific concepts. One solution to this problem is the explicit lexical enrichment of the respective languages. However, with an excessive number of concepts to be named, it is necessary to have productive models in the formation of the new words that are indicated to name a very large number of unnamed concepts in the respective languages. The present work has set the objective of applying the models of composability and derivability in two African languages, namely bamanankan (bambara) and agni sanwi. Thus, we start from the hypothesis which states that from a coined denomination for a key concept, the related concepts to that key concept can have their own denomination by exploiting the productivity of the neologism of the key concept. In this logic, the methodology undertaken by the contribution makes an inventory of six coined denominations per language in the form of a terminology record from two doctoral theses defended on terminology in African languages. As such, a section is devoted to the productivity of the chosen coined word. As a result, the productivity of the six basic coined words in bamanankan provided more than thirty bamanan denominations. In the agni sanwi, more than 20 concepts related to the concept of the coined words have also got their agni denomination. Without the fairly high productivity of the six different coined words per language, it would be difficult to cover such a large number of unnamed concepts.
Keywords: new words, composability, derivability, designation, mixed formation, productivity.
Blàdon : 2023-11-19 Yɛlɛmako laban : 2023-11-19